Why is it important to develop urban infrastructure?
The founder of Eco-bud building Pavel Somov, published an article on the Business News portal. There he told why it is so important to develop the infrastructure of the city.
Ukrainian cities, especially megacities, are experiencing a second construction boom. The first wave took place in 2006-2008 before the global financial crisis and was caused by active mortgage lending and the rapid rise in property prices.
The second wave that we are witnessing now is caused by the restoration of the development of the construction industry after many years of “stagnation” in general, and by the weakening of confidence in the banking sector. After a series of bankruptcies of banking institutions, the population preferred to keep their investments in real estate.
In total, more than 10 million square meters of housing were commissioned in Ukraine in 2017, and in terms of the number of apartments built per 1000 people, our country for the first time in modern history overtook the EU (2.9 versus 2.8). However, the declared quantity does not correspond to the quality at all. Trying to build up the area as quickly as possible, many construction companies simply ignore master plans, and there is no satisfactory infrastructure in the houses under construction. Yes, we can see with our own eyes how much new housing is being built in cities now, how many have been commissioned. At the same time, the lack of the necessary infrastructure for the residents of the city becomes apparent. The development is very dense: a huge number of high-rise buildings in the city center causes difficulties with traffic and parking.
Spatial infrastructure exists in the form of non-residential premises on the ground floors, which small entrepreneurs lease primarily for the service sector and servicing the residents of a particular building. The market itself models the infrastructure in new arrays, and generally not in the best way. It can be stated that the development of high-quality social infrastructure is inferior to the frantic pace of housing construction. After saving on home purchases, residents of new neighborhoods are often forced to look for educational facilities for their children or seek health care elsewhere.
Nevertheless, with the introduction of new DBNs, a more comprehensive approach to the development of urban planning can be expected: 30% of the land plot falling under construction now accounts for the development itself and the adjacent territory.
The development of Singapore is a prime example of how to quickly and correctly develop infrastructure in cities. In 25 years, Singapore has transformed from a third world city into an economic center in Asia with a standard of living higher than in Europe. At the same time, thanks to a well-thought-out layout, there is no so-called chaos of an Asian city in Singapore. With a fairly low birth rate, the population in Singapore is growing steadily and the city is expanding. But rapid population growth is no excuse for creating a poor quality environment. Convenient areas for living are expensive, but they are the ones that eventually attract investors to Singapore who are ready not only to invest their money here, but also to transport families to the city.
The experience of Chinese cities, which successfully combine sustainable development with economic growth, is interesting. They achieve this, among other things, through the creation of extensive public transport networks and the improvement of urban areas. Green spaces become ecological oases, refreshing the air of cities and increasing their attractiveness for living and working. City parks and squares act as filters that trap dust particles emitted by cars, industrial facilities and other sources, and also purify the atmosphere.